Organized groups visiting Poland with their intensive itineraries are often lacking a proper historical context. Facts they are presented about this country and sites they visit begin to have some meaning only if they are interwoven into the complex history of Central Europe. Apart from the general historical lectures we also offer very specialized research presentations giving an in-depth understanding of social, political and religious changes in Poland through the centuries.
Lecture on German-Nazi Concentration and Death Camps for 200 Medical University students in Cracow. March 30th, 2012.
Nazi Concentration Camps:
Next camps being established:
Sachsenhausen - 1936
Buchenwald - 1937
Mauthausen - 1938
Flossenbürg - 1938
Ravensbrück - 1939 (for women)
It is estimated that before 1939 there were 165-170 thousands of prisoners sentenced for different period of stay in the Nazi Concentration Camps.
General Plan East - Generalplan Ost
Major Concentration Camps established:
Stutthof - August 1939
Auschwitz - May 1940
Neuengamme - June 1940
Natzweiler-Struthof - July 1940
Gross-Rosen - August 1940
Bergen-Belsen - October 1940
Majdanek - October 1941
Hertogenbosch - January 1942
Ryga - Kaiserwald - May 1943
Mittelbau-Dora - December 1943
Confusing German camp naming to hide their actual functions: Konzentrationslager, Arbeitslager, Vernichtungslager, Sonderkommando SS, Zwangsarbeitslager, Aufenthaltslagers, Durchgangslager, Transitlager, Schutzhaftlager, Familienlager, Internierungslager etc.
During the war the Camps were operating under the administration of:
Major types of Camps Established:
Project RIESE Camps. Treblinka I , Pustkow, Szebnie.
Soviet POW in the Camps - 5,7 million of inmates with 2,8 million estimated casualties.
Fort VII in Poznan, Pawiak in Warsaw, Montelupi Prison Cracow.
Potulice, Kinder KZ Lodz.